Monday, 07 September 2015 00:00

Some Children prone to Pediatric Flat Feet

childrens-feet17Babies have many bones in their feet that need to close and grow to become a proper joint later in life. Many of these bones make up the arch that usually starts out as flexible flat feet. For 80-90% of children, those flat feet will eventually turn into arches, but for the rest pediatric flat feet occurs. Children with pediatric flat feet may experience pain, tenderness, cramping in the feet and legs and should seek treatment especially if they have difficulty walking. Treatment for flat feet includes activity modifications, such as cutting down on sports, orthotic inserts, physical therapy, and surgery.

Certain sports and physical activities may become difficult for children with flat feet. If you suspect that your child has the condition, speak to one of our podiatrists of Family Foot and Ankle Center of South Jersey. Our doctors will answer any of your foot and ankle related questions and attend to all of your podiatric needs.

What are Flat Feet?

Flat feet are a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. Standing about 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arch never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – if you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  

Symptoms:

Pain around the heel or arch area

Trouble standing on the tip toe.

Swelling around the inside of the ankle.

Flat look to one or both feet.

Having your shoes feel uneven when worn

Treatment:

If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Cherry Hill, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and treatments for your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Flat Feet

Monday, 31 August 2015 00:00

Study Finds Link between Acne and RA

xrayAccording to research conducted by scientists at the Leiden University Medical Centre in Holland, rheumatoid arthritis may be triggered through a microbial infection. Researcher Diahann Jansen has stated that the study shows common bacteria in the flu virus as well as acne. “It doesn’t necessarily mean if you get acne you will get rheumatoid arthritis, but it is possible that if you encounter such a pathogen at some point your immune system will start a response to that pathogen,” stated Jansen. This new discovery is only the beginning in understanding the relationship between microbes and rheumatoid arthritis.

Understanding where RA starts will help treat and prevent the condition. If you are suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, contact one of our podiatrists of Family Foot and Ankle Center of South Jersey. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Severe pain and immobility are caused by an inflammation of the lining of your joints, and in worse cases the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone can occur.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, many cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area. Pain will often initially present in the toes before the condition worsens and spreads throughout the entire foot.

Symptoms

  • Swelling and pain in the feet
  • Stiffness in the feet
  • Pain on the ball or sole of the feet
  • Joint shift and deformation

Diagnosis

Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that your podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor may ask you about your medical history and lifestyle to help determine possible causes of your RA.

Treatment

Unfortunately, there is no cure for RA, so treatment options are designed to specifically target the symptoms of it, most notably the pain it causes. Two types of anti-inflammatory drugs – non-steroidal or NSAIDs and corticosteroids – may be prescribed by your doctor. In some severe cases where the joints are too badly damaged, surgery may be an option. As always, speak with your podiatrist to help determine the appropriate treatment options available to you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Cherry Hill, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about rheumatoid arthritis of the feet.

feet6When it comes to purchasing shoes for your baby’s feet, many professionals believe that babies and toddlers should not wear firm shoes before they are fully walking to allow proper growth. “It is important that the muscles in toddlers’ feet are allowed to develop through natural stabilization,” stated Dr. Douglas Horne, UK podiatrist. Shoes during the early years should mostly be worn to protect the foot; otherwise going barefoot will help promote a better toe grip and stronger arch of the foot.

Infants and toddlers need to have fitted shoes. If your baby needs foot care, see one of our podiatrists of Family Foot and Ankle Center of South Jersey. Our doctor can help your baby’s foot and ankle necessities

Fitting Shoes for Infants

Taking care of a baby to ensure proper development is highly important and necessary to make sure that they grow up to be healthy and happy. Finding shoes for infants may be tricky for new parents because it is a new experience for everyone involved. Also, since infants cannot speak, they cannot tell you which one feels best, which hurts, and which styles they like more. Although often crying is a signal for them being unhappy, it is still difficult to know what fits.

Since their feet are so tiny, it might be easier to go around a store and try to see which shoes fit them best. Most infant shoes are very soft and you will not have to worry about fancy laces or intricate shoe designs. For infants, all that matters is that they are warm, well-protected and comfortable so that they can grow properly.

Once a baby is able to stand or start walking after they pass their crawling phase, it is important to change their shoes as often as they grow, and since they tend to grow and change fast, it is best to keep up with them to ensure safety and comfort.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Cherry Hill, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technologies for your foot and ankle needs.

Read More about Fitting Shoes for Infants

fungal-toenail2 According to a study conducted at the University of Calgary Kinesiology’s Human Performance laboratory, comfortable running shoes are essential in reducing the injuries of poor biomechanics in the feet. In the early 70’s many believed that a cushioned shoe would aid in correcting poor foot alignment in runners, but runners today have a variety of cushioned shoes available and still the amount of running injuries remains the same. The study included six soldiers that chose their shoe inserts based on comfort alone. Compared to the control group, the soldiers had 54% fewer injuries in their feet overall.

Proper foot wear is important for biomechanics, which incorporates the moving parts that manage the movement of your feet. To learn more about biomechanics, see one of our podiatrists from Family Foot and Ankle Center of South Jersey. Our doctors can provide you with the foot and ankle information you seek.  

A History of Biomechanics

- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974 biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination to the area.

Modern technology improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes providing a better understanding of podiatry concepts for biomechanics. Computers provide accurate determinations about the forces, moments and patterns of the foot and lower legs with the most important information captured.

Advances in materials and more awareness of biomechanics have developed enhanced corrective methods, offering further options for foot-related injuries. Understanding foot biomechanics can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot. 

If you have any questions, please contact our office located in Cherry Hill, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Biomechanics of Podiatry

broken-foot4During his match against middleweight titleholder Daniel Jacobs at the Barclays Center in Brooklyn, Sergio Mora was forced onto the canvas when he thought his right ankle might be broken. Mora was taken from the ring on a stretcher and brought to the hospital for an MRI and X-rays, which revealed a fracture in his ankle. The former junior middleweight world titleholder will stay in New York through the weekend before returning home to Los Angeles to see a specialist. In the meantime, the boxer has been outfitted with a brace and a wrapped ankle. Fortunately, Mora has reported that there is no ligament damage.

Broken ankles need immediate treatment. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles contact one of our podiatrists of Family Foot and Ankle Center of South Jersey. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Broken Ankles

A broken ankle is experienced when a person fractures their tibia or fibula in the lower leg and ankle area. Both these bones are attached at the bottom of the leg and combine to form what we know to be our ankle.

When a physician is referring to a break of the ankle, he or she is usually referring to a break in the area where the tibia and fibula are joined to create our ankle joint. Ankles are more prone to fractures because the ankle is an area that suffers a lot of pressure and stress. There are some obvious signs when a person experiences a fractured ankle and the following symptoms may be present.

Symptoms of a Fractured Ankle

  • Excessive pain when the area is touched or when any pressure is placed on the ankle
  • Swelling around the area
  • Bruising of the area
  • Area appears to be deformed

If you suspect an ankle fracture, it is recommended to seek treatment as soon as possible. The sooner you have your podiatrist diagnose the fracture, the quicker you’ll be on the way towards recovery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Cherry Hill, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about broken ankles.

fungal-toenail2Miguel Sano of the Minnesota Twins sustained a sprained ankle after stepping on a ball during a recent session of infield drills. The player will be reportedly sidelined for a few days to allow for his right ankle to recover. The offending ball was rolling in from the outfield when Sano stepped on it. While he may have made the injury worse running on the ankle after hitting a sacrifice fly, Sano only suffered minor swelling the next day; and an MRI exam was thankfully not required. Miguel Sano is one of the top hitting prospects in baseball today. It is hopeful that he will return to the batter’s cage within three to five days.

Ankle sprains are common, but need immediate attention. If you have any concerns about your potential ankle sprain contact one of our podiatrists of Family Foot and Ankle Center of South Jersey. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.

What are the Symptoms?

  • Mild to moderate bruising
  • Limited mobility
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits can aid in prevention

Treatment of a Sprain

Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity. Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.

If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Cherry Hill, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about ankle sprains

xrayAccording to a study conducted by researchers of the Arthritis Research UK Centre for Genetics and Genomics, genetic variants are capable of predicting the progression of the disease. Included in the study were 4,000 rheumatoid arthritis patients where hand and feet erosions indicated a higher or lower risk of the severity of the disease. The strongest indicator of a high risk included the amino acid valine at position 11 of the HLA-DRB1 gene. The gene was also found to be studying in finding treatment responses. Although experts have suspected the results of the study for quite some time, the confirmation will help physicians make the proper advanced in treating arthritis.

Arthritis is a painful condition and arthritic foot care is necessary to avoid further complications. If you have any concerns contact one of our podiatrists of Family Foot and Ankle Center of South Jersey. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a joint disorder that involves inflammation of different joints in your body, such as in your feet. Arthritis is often caused by a degenerative joint disease and causes mild to severe pain in all affected areas. On top of this, swelling and stiffness in the affected joints can also be a common symptom of arthritis.

In many cases, wearing ill-fitting shoes can worsen the effects and pain of arthritis. Wearing shoes that have a lower heel and extra room can help your feet feel more comfortable. In cases of rheumatoid arthritis, the arch in your foot may become problematic. Buying shoes with proper arch support that contour to your feet can help immensely.

Alleviating Arthritic Pain

  • Exercises that stretch the foot can prevent further pain and injury and increase mobility
  • Most of the pain can be alleviated with anti-inflammatory drugs, heat, and topical medications
  • Massages can help to temporarily alleviate pain.

It is best to see your doctor for the treatment that is right for your needs and symptoms. Conditions vary, and a podiatrist can help you determine the right method of care for your feet.

If you have any concerns contact our office located in Cherry Hill, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about arthritic foot care.

stretching2Nearly twenty years ago, Lois Fink, motivational speaker, underwent her first bunionectomy several weeks after observing that the bunion on her left foot progressively became worse. Fink’s procedure was done same-day, and after several hours of recovery she was able to go home. Over a year later Fink discovered a similar growth forming on her right foot causing her to get a second bunionectomy. Today Fink’s surgeries are a thing of the past since she hasn’t had foot problems since.

Bunion surgery usually occurs after non-surgical methods have proved to be ineffective. If you have any concerns contact one of our podiatrists of Family Foot and Ankle Center of South Jersey. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs by the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why do Bunions Form?

  • Genetics – susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary
  • Stress on the feet – poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can cause bunions to form

How are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any concerns please feel free to contact our office located in Cherry Hill, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about bunions.

fungal-toenail2Although the summer months are a period of time filled with outdoor fun, they can often trigger discomfort with things such as athlete’s foot. Known most as an the itching, stinging, and burning feeling between the toes due to a fungus, Athlete’s foot can become extremely problematic if not treated properly. The fungus is contracted mostly through poolside pavement, locker room floors, public showers or any other warm wet surfaces where skin fissures can occur and easily become infected. To avoid the discomfort of athlete’s foot this summer, wear flip flops near pools and public showers and wear synthetic socks when necessary to move moisture away from the skin.

Athlete’s foot is an inconvenient condition that can be easily reduced with the proper treatment. If you are concerned about your athlete’s foot contact one of our podiatrists of Family Foot and Ankle Center of South Jersey. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story

Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.

Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot

  • Hydrate your feet by using lotion
  • Exfoliate
  • Buff off nails
  • Use of anti-fungal products
  • Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop

Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speaking to your podiatrist will give you a better understanding of the different causes of athlete’s foot, as well as helping you figure out which treatment options are best for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Cherry Hill, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about athlete’s foot.

feet5A new study conducted at the Boston Children’s Hospital suggests that one of the body’s own defense mechanisms may actually help slow down the healing of wounds. Slow wound healing is a very serious problem for those with diabetes, as diabetics tend to develop diabetic neuropathy which causes them to fail noticing small wounds on the feet. The study’s researchers found that by inhibiting the production of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in mice, they could speed up the healing of the mice’s wounds. Denisa Wagner, PhD, senior investigator, stated, “Any injury that causes inflammation will result in production of NETs, and we think that if the injury involves skin repair, NETs will hinder the repair process.”

Neuropathy is a common and pain condition for diabetic patients. If you have any concerns about your diabetic feet, contact one of our podiatrists of Family Foot and Ankle Center of South Jersey. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. Diabetes can damage blood vessels in many parts of the body, including the feet. Because of this, taking care of your feet is essential if you have diabetes, and having a podiatrist help monitor your foot health is highly recommended.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

  • Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
  • Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their blood levels because blood sugar levels play such a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised.

It is always best to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet, especially for diabetic patients. Early treatment and routine foot examinations are keys to maintaining proper health, especially because severe complications can arise if proper treatment is not applied.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Cherry Hill, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about diabetic feet.

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